Neurofeedback: The Complete Guide

Brain training using neurofeedback therapy has paved the way for meaningful, positive changes in the lives of countless individuals. The growing scientific literature on this approach as well as the milestones we see our clients achieve daily is a remarkable confirmation of the real, measurable benefits neurofeedback can deliver. The results are so accurate that we offer a money-back guarantee if there is no improvement after the sessions.

On this page, we deliver some key information to provide further clarity and understanding on the effects of neurofeedback and the science behind it. We walk you through how each neurofeedback session is conducted in our facility, using a specialist-led, scientifically-proven technology. Moreover, we collated some of the most important studies, research and peer-reviewed articles in recent history that dive deep into the efficacy of neurofeedback to manage a wide range of issues, including ADHD, anxiety, depression, as well as improving brain performance and more.

Topics and Questions

What is Neurofeedback?

What is neurofeedback? How is neurofeedback different from biofeedback? Is neurofeedback a viable alternative to medication? How does neurofeedback help with brain training? If you are looking for answers to these questions, let us help you with this comprehensive guide.

Neurofeedback is biofeedback for the brain. It is a non-invasive technique that helps the brain self-regulate. Improving the brain’s self-regulation helps an individual function better cognitively, emotionally as well as behaviorally.

During a neurofeedback session, we simply measure brain activity using sensors and special software and relay that information back to the brain in real-time via audio and video display. This information about its own activity helps the brain adjust itself for better performance.

Neurofeedback can be a useful tool for anyone looking to maximize their brain’s potential and their performance, whether it be athletes wishing to improve their game, adults interested in sharpening their memory, or children dealing with ADHD.

What is Brain Mapping?

Brain mapping is an assessment tool that maps your brain wave activity, and tells you what areas of your brain need attention. This session is perfect for people who suspect they are facing mental health concerns, but are not able to pinpoint them.

Brain mapping is also for people who are curious to know more about how their brains function and what they can improve on. Various issues like focus, anxiety, ADHD, depression, insomnia, fatigue and many more are identified in a brain mapping session. The process also tells you where exactly in the brain these issues arise from, and to what extent they persist.

What Happens in a Brain Mapping Session?

*Note: This video was taken before covid-19. All necessary measures such as sanitization, safe distance and being masked at all times are adhered to.

During brain mapping, EEG scanners are used to measure electrical signals in different brain areas. These signals are statistically analyzed to see brainwave patterns. The EEG data is then recorded and processed by a computer software program. This data is compared against a reference database of other people’s EEG. A Quantitative EEG (qEEG) brain map helps us detect the brain area where there is too little or too much activity. It helps to identify amplitude, location and dysregulation. All these are required to understand adequate levels of the client’s mental functioning. If electrical activity is outside the normal parameters, it gives us an indication of possible problems. Brain mapping is a precursor to neurofeedback brain training as it helps in devising an appropriate training plan.

Know the Different Brainwaves

Neurons in the brain communicate with each other by electrical exchange. This electrical activity is displayed in the form of brainwaves which can be observed using electroencephalogram (EEG).

Delta waves are the slowest brainwave. These are the most relaxing brainwaves. A delta wave appears when you’re asleep. It measures from 0-4 Hz and has the highest amplitude.

Theta waves have greater amplitude. The frequency range is 5-7 Hz. Theta state is seen during light sleep or deep meditation. In this state you may experience vivid visualizations, profound creativity, flow of ideas and exceptional insight.

Alpha waves are produced naturally when you close your eyes and relax. Alpha brain waves are in the frequency range of 8 to 13 Hz. During this state your brain is said to be awake and relaxed.

Beta waves are known as high frequency low amplitude waves that are commonly observed while we are awake. The frequency of beta waves is 14-40 Hz. These involve conscious tasks such as critical thinking, writing, reading and socialization seen in day-to-day lives.

Gamma waves are the fastest of brain waves with high frequency. These are observed when processing information from different brain areas simultaneously. Gamma brainwaves pass information rapidly and quietly.

Research indicates brain wave patterns are linked with emotional and neurological conditions. Brain mapping shows brain waves that are associated with over-arousal in certain areas result in fidgeting, impulsivity, hyperactivity and agitation. Under-arousal in certain brain areas is linked to poor concentration, insomnia and daydreaming.

*Photo from choosemuse.com

What Happens During a Neurofeedback Session?

Neurons in our brains talk to each other through synapses which produce the resulting brain waves. At the start of the neurofeedback session, we attach sensors to the scalp which record these brain waves. This process is completely painless and non-invasive.

We do not transmit any signals to the brain; we only listen in on the electrical activity and record the information revealed through EEG. A computer then processes these brain waves and using the software, we show you the ebb and flow of your waves in the form of changes in audio and video output.

The specific frequencies we select and sensor locations on the scalp are uniquely tailored to suit your personal needs. These can vary as you progress through your brain training sessions.

To better understand how neurofeedback works, picture an individual sitting down and focusing on a computer screen. Sensors are attached to the person’s scalp to record their brain activity, and special software is used to relay this brainwave information to them in real-time through audio and video.

What to Expect from Neurofeedback Sessions?

A neurofeedback brain training session typically lasts for approximately 45 minutes. The time for training is 30 minutes, while around 15 minutes is required to take your feedback and prepare the equipment for the session. Normally a minimum of 20 sessions is recommended to experience lasting benefits, although you will start noticing changes within the first few sessions.

The number of sessions required, however, depends upon the intensity and duration of the problem. Being consistent is extremely important to experience the benefits. Every individual is different, and so is their brain. Therefore, neurofeedback therapy for memory improvement, ADHD, anxiety and depression is tailor-made to suit your specific needs.

The Benefits of Neurofeedback Brain Training

Brain training has been proven to be successful in addressing different issues, such as (but not limited to):

Does Neurofeedback Brain Training Work for ADHD?

Neurofeedback makes brain training increasingly feasible. A non-invasive NASA-patented technology, neurofeedback has proven success in addressing different health issues such as focus, depression, anxiety, chronic pain and insomnia. Neurofeedback has also been observed to improve neuroregulation and metabolic function in patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or ADHD.

There is substantial support for using neurofeedback for ADHD as a supplementary treatment from certain medical professionals, specifically some from the ADHD community. One example is Amit Etkin, Ph.D., who is an assistant professor at Stanford University’s department of psychiatry and behavioral sciences. He says, “The potential for brain training as a new therapeutic tool is phenomenal… By understanding brain circuitry, we can tailor interventions that medication or psychotherapy do not access or improve. The great advantage is that these programs are not invasive, have minimal side effects, and are, for the most part, fun.”

In addition, there are testimonials from parents of children with ADHD who report observing significant control of ADHD symptoms beyond the duration of their children’s neurofeedback therapy sessions. The result? A person’s brain will be able to self-regulate its functions and apply the skills learned to various real-world situations. Studies that have shown longevity of results have reported the same findings.

Neurofeedback therapy could help a person (could be a child or an adult) enhance their memory, improve focus and attention, get better sleep, calm anxiety, elevate athletic performance, or reduce hyperactive or impulsive behavior.

Neurofeedback for Peak Performance

As neurofeedback trains your brain to function more efficiently, it can improve mental functioning and emotional stability, leading to better concentration and attention. It reduces human error, enhances creativity and increases immunity to stress. With regular sessions, you can teach yourself better self-control, develop self-awareness and build emotional intelligence, so you can be at your best no matter what circumstances you face.

Neurofeedback is used by amateur and professional athletes, academics and high-performing business individuals to maximize and use the full capacity of his or her brain.

The self-regulation techniques involved in neurofeedback training represent powerful tools for peak performance in many fields. There is global research on this subject highlighting the key performance of ace achievers in fields that require heavy concentration and “being in the zone.” Training their brain via neurofeedback allows one to quiet their mind, and regulate their mental and emotional environment and thereby concentrate more thoroughly. This kind of training provides indispensable tools for both daily life and states highly conducive to peak performance on the field, in school or at work.

Medication and Neurofeedback

Neurofeedback presents a powerful and medicine-free way to fix both common and complex issues, from temporary issues to lifelong conditions. As such, it is a promising alternative treatment for those who do not respond to or experience significant adverse effects from medication. Can neurofeedback be used while a patient is on medication? Absolutely yes! In fact, under your physician’s supervision, it is possible to slowly wean off your medications when you start your neurofeedback program. Eventually, you will perform at your best without the aid of medication.

Where Can We Sign Up for Neurofeedback in Dubai?

At Evolve Brain Training, our specialists provide neurofeedback sessions, a medication-free method to maximize the full potential of brain activity. We are a highly recommended Neurofeedback clinic in Dubai for guaranteed results. For more information on these sessions, get in touch with us at +971 4 589 6983.

In our clinic in Dubai, neurofeedback therapy continues to be a viable method for addressing mental health issues like depression, anxiety and anger management. Neurofeedback therapy is an application of the biofeedback approach, a therapeutic mechanism that uses instant feedback to induce change in bodily functions. Book a free 15-minute consultation with us to see if neurofeedback therapy is right for you.

Dr. Upasana Gala is the founder and CEO of Evolve Brain Training, a Neurofeedback centered institute that focuses on using non-invasive brain training techniques to maximize the brain's true potential.

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